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<span id="Label3"><script>_showDynClicks("wbnews", 1443814152, 1513)</script></span> ?  发布旉Q? <span id="Label5">2018-03-13</span> </td> </tr> <tr height="1" bgcolor="#999999"><td></td></tr> <tr height="10"><td></td></tr> <tr> <td> <div id="vsb_content_4"> <div id="vsb_content_4"><div class="v_news_content"> <p class="vsbcontent_start"><strong>方志?/strong> 以方志ؓ研究对象的一门科学?924q_梁启在《清代学者整理旧学之Ll—方志学》中首次使用“方志学”的概念Q认为章学诚的方志理论已形成一套较为完整的体系。此后始有h专注于方志学研究q发表论著,如瞿宣颖、李泰菜、王葆心、傅振u、吴宗慈、黎锦熙{,其中不少人受章氏方志理论的媄响。方志学研究在民国时期仍属草创阶D,20世纪80q代q入J荣时期Q生了一批专著、论文,其中围绕新志~纂理论的研I著q数量最多。但方志界对方志学的概念、研I内宏V学U体pd与其他学U的关系{基本内容还未Ş成统一认识?/p> <p><em>方志学概?/em> 学科名称、学U定义属于方志学慨念pȝ的基内容。关于学U名Uͼ有两U最为普遍,分别是方志学、中国方志学。学术界Ҏ志学是不是独立学U存在不同意见,因此Q对其定义的理解、表q较多,差异较大。后来独立学U说为多Ch所接受Q但Ҏ志学的定义有多种说法Q主要有研究方志产生和发展规律学_以及历史学分支说、地理学分支说、区域发展说、方志与方志学؜同说{?/p> <p><em>方志学研I内?/em> 关于方志学研I内容,主要?U类型观炏V第一U将研究内容概括?个方面,分别是方志的产生和发展,方志的性质和分c,特征和功能,方志~纂理论Q方志的整理和利用,方志学史。第二种?个方面的基础上增加两斚w的内容,分别是地方志研究工作的文化交,方志事业的h才培d队伍W三U归U了10研I内容,其中3个方面是以上内容的归UI7个方面ؓ新增部分:方志~纂指导思想Q方志内容如何全面、真实和准确地再现客观地情,方志批评的标准、Ş式、方法、意义,方志~纂机构的设|原则、主要职能、运行机制和理办法Q修志h员必备的政治素质和实现途径Q方志质量标准及保证体系的构成和q用Q方志与地方行政、经、科技、文化、教肌Ӏ民俗及Z思想观念、生zL式、h值取向的关系?/p> <p><em>方志学学U体p?/em> 民国时期Q学者开始对学科体系q行探烦。李泰菜《方志学》、傅振u《中国方志学通论》列丑և学科体系框架?0世纪80q代后,出现不少有关学科体系构成的新观点和新见解。分cL_有l,但基本有两种cdQ一U按基础理论、应用理论、学U史分类;另一U是按基U学、技术科学、应用科学、学U史分类。生众多分支学U名Uͼ如方志编U学、方志统计学、方志目录学、方志管理学、方志收藏学、方志批评学、比较方志学、方志应用学{?/p> <p><em>方志学与其他学科的关p?/em> 方志记述内容涉及自然U学、社会科学的各个斚wQ编U方志需要其他相兛_U的支撑Q这些学U也Ҏ志学的生与发展有着重大影响。民国时期李泰菜在《方志学》的修志之辅助学识章中列举了不少修志辅助学科二随着新编地方志工作的开展,不少学者开始关注方志、方志学与其他学U的关系问题。杨静琦、于希贤~著的《地方志与现代科学》一书,探讨了地方志与哲学、历史学、地理学、政d、经学、教育学、社会学、YU学、系l论、信息论{?0余种学科的有pR在其他中也Ҏ有所阐述。有学者指出,虽然方志学借鉴了其他学U理论,借用了其他学U的一些术语,但也有自w的学科术语和理Zp,已Ş成了自己的内c?/p> <p class="vsbcontent_end">Q摘自:《方志百U全书》)</p> </div></div></div><div id="div_vote_id"></div> <div style="line-height: 30pt"> </div></span> </td> </tr> <tr height="30"><td align="center"></td></tr> </table> </form></td> </tr> </table> </td> </tr> </table> <table width="996" border="0" align="center" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0"> <tr> <td height="5" bgcolor="#aa9e76"></td> </tr> <tr> <td height="104" background="" bgcolor="#FFFDF1"><div align="center"> <table height="100" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0" width="845" border="0"> <tbody> <tr class="firstRow"> <td align="center" width="66" rowspan="4">  </td> <td width="605" align="center"> dQ沂市沂水县地方史志办公室 </td> <td rowspan="4" align="center"> <img title="" border="0" hspace="0" alt="" src="../../images/8AF1681439862E041B7980BA88A_83CFF981_1C93C.jpg" width="100" height="100" /> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="605" align="center"> 地址Q沂水县正阳?9? 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